RENAISSANCE CUPS

ESSAY

 

REFORMATION CUP ESSAY QUESTION

The chalice shown on the left was used by a sixteenth century Roman Catholic priest in the celebration of the Mass. The wooden cup on the right is what he used to celebrate the Lord's Supper after he left the Church and became a follower of Martin Luther. How does the new cup reflect the theology of the Reformation?

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STUDENT INSTRUCTIONS (THE FOLLOWING IS YOUR CHEAT SHEET)

 

When you do the AP Exam you have thirty-five minutes to complete your "short" essay. You must decide what items are important enough to warrent your time and you must also answer the question within the boundaries suggested by the question. The theme for this essay is the ways in which the new cup relfects the theology and ideals of the Reformation.

FIRST WRITE A THESIS STATEMENT WHICH DIRECTLY ANSWERS ALL PARTS OF THE QUESTION AND DIVIDES ITSELF INTO CATEGORIES WHICH WILL BECOME THE BODY PARAGRAPHS OF YOUR ESSAY.

 

You should strive for balance. You must discuss the Catholic cup in order to have something to contrast the Protestant cup with. The following are ideas you could select from to flesh out your essays. You should choose several ideas (remember the rule of three) to demonstrate the Catholic theology and the you will be able to contrast it with several ideas concerning the Protestant cup (rule of three) You need not choose everything, but you should select enough to give adequate support to your answer. Good Luck.

 

Essay Body

 

Catholic Chalice: how does it reflect the ideals of the Catholic Church

at the time?

Medieval period: summit of power and influence for church

wealth of church reflected glory of God. (examples)

Renaissance-changing values:

Emphasis on secularism and humanism rather than

Church and spiritual needs

Church wealth had been based on land: losing power

and support because of change in economy (barter to

money)

hurt by inflation

indulgences to pay for Saint Peter's Cathedral

 

New Cup: Savonarola "Chalice of gold versus Chalice of wood"

Simple, unadorned--a return to the past

Reflects Luther's desire to reform the church and his own

personal desire for salvation (Erickson)

Luther a reflection of many people caught in shift of values, new

wealth, new ideas and goals

A desire for a closer relationship with God

Need to match reality of business and capitalism with spiritual goals

(Weber)

Simplicity of religion meshed with nationalism and desire of rulers

to be independent of Rome

Rulers resented wealth and power of Church and also the gold drain

National states needed churches

Educated middle classes desired more control over their own lives

Priest becomes a minister "ideal life style changed from monastery

to home; marriage became acceptable

K. Clark--Protestants did not create major art, they were the

barbarians who destroyed the beautiful.

 

Conclusion Your conclusion should include a Topic sentence and a

summary of each paragraph of your body followed by

a restatement of the thesis.

 

READ ME

IF THE SUMMARY CANNOT BE TIED BACK TO THE THESIS

THEN YOUR ESSAY DOES NOT ANSWER THE QUESTION AND MUST BE REWRITTEN