THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION:
It can justly be said that most of the promises made by the Third Estate and contained in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen were not carried out.
|Constitutionalism was accepted||Actual constitution of 1799 was a farce|
|Declarations of Rights had been made three times||These Declarations were more form than substance. In 1799 they were omitted|
|Democracy Declared||It was never really tried, the Dictatorship began in 1799|
|Liberties declared in writing||Flagrantly violated in the Terror, equality and security were prefered to liberty (1799)|
|Right to Property declared||Not for the clergy or emigres|
|Free land was a reality||Only for those with money|
|Agricultural reforms||Were still in the future|
|Workers acquired rights||But not to organize or strike|
|Fiscal and Financial Security were established||Actually worse than what faced the old Third Estate|
|Bourgeoisie replaced clergy & nobles||Common man was left out|
|Class consciousness persisted, Privileges were still sought||Socialism was not yet thought of|
|Social reforms passed in Legislature||Not applied to "real" life|
|France was still Catholic||No religious freedom, strong anti-Protestant & anti-semitic feelings arose|
|Schism with Catholic Church||Healed by Napoleon (1801 Concordat)|
France was entering a period of censorship.
Education was to become Bonapartist propaganda.
Fundamentally the Revolution worked three ways:
1. Disestablishment: of outmoded institutions
2. Innovation: created badly needed new institutions
3. Compromise: adaptation of existing institution to the needs of the moment