QUOTATIONS OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION

 

Directions: Read each of the following quotations and then choose the individual you believe to be the speaker from the list of individuals listed below. Write the name of the speaker on the appropriate blank. Answes may be used more than once.

Possible answers: Becarria, Descartes, Frederick II, Galileo, Locke, Newton, Pascal, Rousseau, Voltaire

 

1. ________"E pur si muove." ("It {the earth} still moves.")

2. ________"We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances."

3. ________"Reason commands us far more imperiously than a master; for in disobeying the one we are unfortunate, and in disobeying the other we are fools."

4. ________"All mankind are equal and independent and no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions."

5. ________"The strongest is never strong enough to be always the master, unless he transforms strength into right, and obedience into duty."

6. ________"We ought never to allow ourselves to be persuaded of the truth of anything unless on the evidence of our Reason."

7. ________"I have laid down the principles of philosophy [that is, science]. These principles are the laws of certain motions, and powers or forces, which chiefly have respect to philosophy. It remains that from the same principles I now demonstrate the frame of the System of the World."

8. ________ "Of all States, from the smallest to the biggest, one can safely say that the fundamental rule of government is the principle of extending their territories."

9. ________"I am very fond of truth, but not at all of martyrdom."

10. _______"It is better to prevent crimes than to punish them. This is the ultimate end of every good legislation."